Author Archives: Carl Menning

Design of complex metal/metal-oxide heterogeneous catalytic materials for energy and chemical conversion

2017 Spring Symposium

Eran­da Nikol­la, Depart­ment of Chem­i­cal Engi­neer­ing and Mate­ri­als Sci­ence, Wayne State Uni­ver­si­ty, Detroit, MI

Abstract — Dwin­dling fuel resources and high lev­els of CO2 emis­sions have increased the need for renew­able ener­gy resources and more effi­cient ener­gy con­ver­sion and stor­age sys­tems. In this talk, some of our recent work on design­ing effi­cient (active, selec­tive and sta­ble) cat­alyt­ic sys­tems for ener­gy and chem­i­cal con­ver­sions will be dis­cussed. First, I will talk about our work on design­ing lay­ered nick­e­late oxide elec­tro­cat­a­lysts for elec­tro­chem­i­cal oxy­gen reduc­tion and evo­lu­tion reac­tions. These process­es play an impor­tant role in fuel cells, elec­trolyz­ers and Li-air bat­ter­ies. We have uti­lized den­si­ty func­tion­al the­o­ry (DFT) cal­cu­la­tions to iden­ti­fy the fac­tors that gov­ern the activ­i­ty of nick­e­late oxides toward these process­es. Using a reverse microemul­sion approach we demon­strate an approach for syn­the­siz­ing nanos­truc­tured nick­e­late oxide elec­tro­cat­a­lysts with con­trolled sur­face struc­ture. These nanos­truc­tures are thor­ough­ly char­ac­ter­ized using atom­ic-res­o­lu­tion high angle annu­lar dark field (HAADF) imag­ing along with elec­tron ener­gy-loss spec­troscopy (EELS) per­formed using an aber­ra­tion cor­rect­ed scan­ning trans­mis­sion elec­tron micro­scope (STEM). Con­trolled kinet­ic iso­topic and elec­tro­chem­i­cal stud­ies are used to devel­op structure/performance rela­tion­ships to iden­ti­fy nick­e­late oxides with opti­mal elec­tro­cat­alyt­ic activ­i­ty. Sec­ond­ly, I will dis­cuss our efforts on design­ing effi­cient cat­alyt­ic sys­tems for bio­mass con­ver­sion process­es. Devel­op­ment of active and selec­tive cat­a­lysts for bio­mass con­ver­sion is crit­i­cal in real­iz­ing a renew­able plat­form for fuels and chem­i­cals. I will high­light some of our recent work on uti­liz­ing reducible met­al oxide encap­su­lat­ed noble met­al cat­alyt­ic mate­ri­als to pro­mote hydrodeoxy­gena­tion (HDO) of bio­mass-derived com­pounds. We show enhance­ment in HDO activ­i­ty and selec­tiv­i­ty due to the encap­su­la­tion of the met­al nanopar­ti­cles by an oxide film pro­vid­ing high inter­fa­cial con­tact between the met­al and met­al oxide sites, and restric­tive acces­si­ble con­for­ma­tions of aro­mat­ics on the met­al sur­face.

Biog­ra­phy — Eran­da Nikol­la is an assis­tant pro­fes­sor in the Depart­ment of Chem­i­cal Engi­neer­ing and Mate­ri­als Sci­ence at Wayne State Uni­ver­si­ty since Fall 2011. Her research inter­ests lie in the devel­op­ment of het­ero­ge­neous cat­a­lysts and elec­tro­cat­a­lysts for chem­i­cal con­ver­sion process­es and elec­tro­chem­i­cal sys­tems (i.e., fuel cells, elec­trolyz­ers) using a com­bi­na­tion of exper­i­men­tal and the­o­ret­i­cal tech­niques. Dr. Nikol­la received her Ph.D. in Chem­i­cal Engi­neer­ing from Uni­ver­si­ty of Michi­gan in 2009 work­ing with Prof. Suljo Lin­ic and Prof. Johannes Schwank in the area of sol­id-state elec­tro­catal­y­sis. She con­duct­ed a two-year post­doc­tor­al work at Cal­i­for­nia Insti­tute of Tech­nol­o­gy with Prof. Mark E. Davis pri­or to join­ing Wayne State Uni­ver­si­ty. At Cal­tech she devel­oped exper­tise in syn­the­sis and char­ac­ter­i­za­tion of meso/microporous mate­ri­als and func­tion­al­ized sur­faces. Dr. Nikol­la is the recip­i­ent of a num­ber of awards includ­ing the Nation­al Sci­ence Foun­da­tion CAREER Award, the Depart­ment of Ener­gy CAREER Award, 2016 Camille Drey­fus Teacher-Schol­ar Award and the Young Sci­en­tist Award from the Inter­na­tion­al Con­gress on Catal­y­sis.

Mechanisms and Materials for Alkaline Hydrogen Electrocatalysis

2017 Spring Symposium

Mau­reen Tang, Chem­i­cal and Bio­log­i­cal Engi­neer­ing, Drex­el Uni­ver­si­ty, Philadel­phia, PA

Abstract — Hydro­gen is a poten­tial low cost, scal­able ener­gy stor­age medi­um for renew­able elec­tric­i­ty gen­er­a­tion. More impor­tant­ly, study of the hydro­gen elec­trode reac­tions has led to the dis­cov­ery of many of the fun­da­men­tal con­cepts in elec­tro­chem­istry and elec­tro­catal­y­sis. It has long been rec­og­nized that the reac­tion rates of the hydro­gen oxi­da­tion and hydro­gen evo­lu­tion reac­tions (HOR and HER) are slow­er in basic than acidic elec­trolytes, even though the sur­face inter­me­di­ate of adsorbed hydro­gen is inde­pen­dent of solu­tion pH. Under­stand­ing the root of this obser­va­tion is crit­i­cal to design­ing cat­a­lysts for a mul­ti­tude of elec­tro­chem­i­cal reac­tions with rel­e­vance to ener­gy con­ver­sion and stor­age. In this work, we under­take both applied and fun­da­men­tal efforts to under­stand the mech­a­nisms and devel­op low-cost, active cat­a­lysts for the hydro­gen reac­tions in base.

In the first part of the talk, we uti­lize a the­o­ry-guid­ed approach to devel­op nick­el-sil­ver cat­a­lysts for alka­line hydro­gen evo­lu­tion and oxi­da­tion. Den­si­ty-func­tion­al-the­o­ry cal­cu­la­tions pre­dict these alloys will be active for hydro­gen evo­lu­tion and oxi­da­tion. To cir­cum­vent the ther­mo­dy­nam­ic insol­u­bil­i­ty of these two met­als and iso­late cat­alyt­ic activ­i­ty, we employ an uncom­mon phys­i­cal vapor code­po­si­tion syn­the­sis. Our mea­sure­ments show that the alloy is indeed more active for hydro­gen evo­lu­tion than pure nick­el. In the sec­ond part of the talk, we exam­ine specif­i­cal­ly the hypoth­e­sis that water ori­en­ta­tion gov­erns the rate of hydro­gen adsorp­tion and thus the over­all HER/HOR kinet­ics by mod­u­lat­ing the poten­tial of zero charge of oxide sup­ports in acid and base. Final­ly, we com­bine micro­ki­net­ic mod­el­ing and sin­gle-crys­tal mea­sure­ments to deter­mine if adsorbed hydrox­ide func­tions as an active inter­me­di­ate or spec­ta­tor in the reac­tion. The results of these stud­ies high­light the impor­tance of kinet­ic bar­ri­ers, as well as adsorp­tion ener­gies, and con­tribute to resolv­ing a long-stand­ing para­dox in elec­tro­catal­y­sis and sur­face sci­ence.

Biog­ra­phy — Mau­reen Tang joined the fac­ul­ty of Chem­i­cal and Bio­log­i­cal Engi­neer­ing at Drex­el Uni­ver­si­ty in Fall 2014. She received her B.S. in Chem­i­cal Engi­neer­ing from Carnegie Mel­lon Uni­ver­si­ty and her Ph. D. from the Uni­ver­si­ty of Cal­i­for­nia, Berke­ley. While at Berke­ley, she received a NSF Grad­u­ate Research Fel­low­ship, an NSF East Asia Pacif­ic Sum­mer Fel­low­ship, and the Daniel Cubi­ciot­ti Stu­dent Award of the Elec­tro­chem­i­cal Soci­ety. Dr. Tang has com­plet­ed post­doc­tor­al work at Stan­ford Uni­ver­si­ty and research intern­ships at Kyoto Uni­ver­si­ty, the Uni­ver­si­ty of Dort­mund, and Dupont. Her research at Drex­el devel­ops mate­ri­als, archi­tec­tures, and fun­da­men­tal insight for elec­tro­chem­i­cal ener­gy stor­age and con­ver­sion.

Continuous Reactors for Homogeneous Catalysis in Pharmaceutical Manufacturing

2017 Spring Symposium

Mar­tin D John­son, Scott A May, Joel R Calvin, Kevin P Cole
Eli Lil­ly and Com­pa­ny, Indi­anapo­lis, IN

Abstract — Con­tin­u­ous flow chem­istry for met­al cat­alyzed organ­ic reac­tions offers sev­er­al advan­tages in the phar­ma­ceu­ti­cal indus­try. Cap­i­tal cost was low­er than batch for the high pres­sure reac­tors described in this pre­sen­ta­tion. The 1000 psig rat­ed hydro­gena­tion reac­tors ranged from 7 L to 360 L, and cap­i­tal cost for just the reac­tor ranged from $4000 to $120,000. Qual­i­ty assur­ance was high­er com­pared to batch because the inex­pen­sive reac­tors were ded­i­cat­ed to spe­cif­ic types of catal­y­sis. For exam­ple, indi­vid­ual plug flow reac­tors (PFRs) were ded­i­cat­ed to Ir, some for Rh/Ru, some for Pd/Pt, and each was not used for oth­er met­als. Safe­ty was improved com­pared to batch, because the con­tin­u­ous reac­tors were small­er, less reagent gas was in the reac­tor at any one time, and in some cas­es the hydro­gena­tion reac­tors oper­at­ed out­side. A 73L PFR was used for asym­met­ric reduc­tion of a tetra­sub­sti­tut­ed enone, pro­duc­ing 144 kg penul­ti­mate with 95% EE. Reac­tion con­di­tions were Rh(COD)2OTf, diphos­phine lig­and, 2000:1 S:C, 5 mol% Zn(OTf), 30% MeOH in EtOAc (10 vol­umes), 1000 psig H2, 1.3 molar eq H2 in flow, 70 °C, 12 h mean res­i­dence time (τ). The pipes in series PFRs proved to be supe­ri­or to the coiled tubes for gas/liquid high pres­sure reac­tions in terms of scal­a­bil­i­ty, gas/liquid mix­ing rate, % liq­uid filled, and inspectabil­i­ty. A direct asym­met­ric reduc­tive ami­na­tion (DARA) was run in a 32L hor­i­zon­tal pipes in series reac­tor, pro­duc­ing 15 kg advanced inter­me­di­ate. Reac­tion con­di­tions were [Ir(cod)Cl]2 and (S)-Xyl-BINAP, 4000 S:C,ketal , aminote­tra­zole (1.1 eq), CSA (0.02 eq), TBAI (0.01 eq), H2 (1000 psig), 12 h τ. A reduc­tive ami­na­tion was run in a 360 L ver­ti­cal pipes in series reac­tor in GMP man­u­fac­tur­ing, pro­duc­ing 2000 kg penul­ti­mate. Reac­tion con­di­tions were [Ir(cod)Cl]2, no lig­and, S:C 1100, 800 psig H2, 3 molar equiv­a­lents H2 in flow, 0.5 equiv TBAI wrt Ir, 1.05 eq HOAc, 1.4 eq alde­hyde wrt amine, 1 vol­ume water, 9 vol­umes THF, 1 vol­ume MeTHF, 12 h τ. The reac­tor oper­at­ed out­side, and H2 was stripped from prod­uct solu­tion before flow­ing back inside. A 32L oscil­lat­ing flow tube reac­tor was used for a selec­tive hydro­formy­la­tion in which the cat­a­lyst and lig­and pre­cip­i­tat­ed from solu­tion in the reac­tor, as they were less sol­u­ble in the prod­uct alde­hyde than the methyl methacry­late reagent. Reac­tion con­di­tions were (PPh)3HRhCO, S:C 1000, cat­a­lyst is dis­solved in neat methyl methacry­late, 1000 psi 50:50 CO:H2, 24 h τ. The back and forth flow and cus­tom meth­ods of pres­sure con­trol kept the reac­tor from foul­ing for the entire 314 h con­tin­u­ous run to pro­duce 180 kg advanced inter­me­di­ate with high selec­tiv­i­ty of the branched alde­hyde.

Biog­ra­phy — Mar­tin D. John­son works for Eli Lil­ly and Com­pa­ny in Small Mol­e­cule Design and Devel­op­ment.  He received his dual doc­tor­ate in chem­i­cal engi­neer­ing and envi­ron­men­tal engi­neer­ing from the Uni­ver­si­ty of Michi­gan in 2000, and his under­grad­u­ate in Chem­i­cal Engi­neer­ing from Vir­ginia Tech.  Pri­or to join­ing Eli Lil­ly in 2005, he worked as a process research engi­neer at Union Car­bide and The Dow Chem­i­cal Com­pa­ny in the Engi­neer­ing Sci­ences and Mar­ket Devel­op­ment depart­ment, focus­ing on process devel­op­ment and sep­a­ra­tions.  At Eli Lil­ly, Dr. John­son leads a group of engi­neers who focus on design and devel­op­ment of con­tin­u­ous process­es.  He has applied process tech­nolo­gies from the chem­i­cal indus­try to increase effi­cien­cy, decrease waste, and increase the types of chemistries that Eli Lil­ly can safe­ly scale up from research to pro­duc­tion of small mol­e­cule phar­ma­ceu­ti­cal com­pounds.  Dr. Johnson’s group has used con­tin­u­ous reac­tions in the man­u­fac­ture of active phar­ma­ceu­ti­cal ingre­di­ents for high­ly exother­mic and haz­ardous reac­tions, high pres­sure reac­tions with haz­ardous gas reagent like hydro­gena­tions, chemistries at extreme tem­per­a­tures and pres­sures, and process sep­a­ra­tions includ­ing dis­til­la­tion, extrac­tion, crys­tal­liza­tion, and fil­tra­tion.  Eli Lil­ly has imple­ment­ed his con­tin­u­ous process­es for the pro­duc­tion of active phar­ma­ceu­ti­cal ingre­di­ent in cGMP man­u­fac­tur­ing both inter­nal­ly at the Lil­ly facil­i­ty in Ire­land and exter­nal­ly in mul­ti­ple con­tract man­u­fac­tur­ing orga­ni­za­tions.  Dr. John­son was award­ed the 2016 ACS Award for Afford­able Green Chem­istry, and the 2016 AIChE Award for Out­stand­ing Con­tri­bu­tion to QbD for Drug Sub­stance.

Zeolite Catalysis with a Focus on Downstream Refining Applications

2017 Spring Symposium

C.Y. Chen, Chevron Ener­gy Tech­nol­o­gy Com­pa­ny, Rich­mond, CA

Abstract — Zeo­lites have been impor­tant cat­a­lysts for the refin­ing and petro­chem­i­cal indus­tries and oth­er appli­ca­tions. The use of organo-cation tem­plate mol­e­cules to pro­vide struc­ture direc­tion has giv­en rise to a num­ber of nov­el zeo­lites in recent years, lead­ing to break­throughs in zeo­lite syn­the­sis and pro­vid­ing an impe­tus in devel­op­ing new process chem­istry. As a con­se­quence, the under­stand­ing of zeo­lite struc­tures and the struc­ture-prop­er­ty rela­tion­ships has become not only of basic aca­d­e­m­ic inter­est but also one of the most crit­i­cal tasks in bring­ing the indus­tri­al appli­ca­tions of these mate­ri­als to suc­cess­ful fruition.

In this paper I will first present a brief overview of Chevron’s zeo­lite R&D. Then the empha­sis will be placed on zeo­lite catal­y­sis for down­stream refin­ing appli­ca­tions such as hydro­c­rack­ing, hydroi­so­mer­iza­tion and MTO (methanol to olefins). Here the char­ac­ter­i­za­tion of zeo­lites via cat­alyt­ic test reac­tions and physisorp­tion plays an impor­tant role. The hydro­c­rack­ing and hydroi­so­mer­iza­tion of paraf­fins such as n-hexa­ne, n-decane and n-hexa­de­cane as well as MTO will be dis­cussed as exam­ples for the inves­ti­ga­tion of the cat­alyt­ic prop­er­ties of a series of zeo­lites (e.g., Y, mor­den­ite, fer­rierite, ZSM-5, ZSM-12, ZSM-22, ZSM-48, TNU-9, SSZ-25, SSZ-26, SSZ-32, SSZ-33, SSZ-56, SSZ-57, SSZ-75, SSZ-87 and SSZ-98) and some new exam­ples of shape selec­tiv­i­ties of zeo­lite catal­y­sis will be demon­strat­ed. Fur­ther­more, our stud­ies on the vapor phase physisorp­tion of a series of hydro­car­bon adsor­bates with vary­ing mol­e­cule sizes for a wide spec­trum of zeo­lite struc­tures will be report­ed. Cat­alyt­ic test reac­tions and vapor phase hydro­car­bon adsorp­tion togeth­er also pro­vide use­ful infor­ma­tion for the deter­mi­na­tion of zeo­lite struc­tures.

The author thanks Chevron Ener­gy Tech­nol­o­gy Com­pa­ny for sup­port of zeo­lite R&D, espe­cial­ly S.I. Zones, R.J. Sax­ton and G.L. Scheuer­man.

Biog­ra­phy — C.Y. Chen is a senior staff sci­en­tist and tech­ni­cal team leader in the Catal­y­sis Tech­nol­o­gy Depart­ment of Chevron Ener­gy Tech­nol­o­gy Com­pa­ny locat­ed in Rich­mond, Cal­i­for­nia. He is a zeo­lite sci­en­tist by train­ing and has been work­ing at Chevron for the past 22 years in zeo­lite research projects involv­ing syn­the­sis, mod­i­fi­ca­tion, char­ac­ter­i­za­tion, catal­y­sis, adsorp­tion and com­mer­cial­iza­tion. He received his Diplom in Chem­i­cal Engi­neer­ing from the Uni­ver­si­ty of Karl­sruhe, Ger­many and Ph.D. in Chem­istry from the Uni­ver­si­ty of Old­en­burg, Ger­many with Prof. Jens Weitkamp. Then he was a post­doc at Vir­ginia Tech and Cal­tech with Prof. Mark Davis. He is also an adjunct pro­fes­sor in the Depart­ment of Chem­i­cal Engi­neer­ing at the Uni­ver­si­ty of Cal­i­for­nia at Davis.

Synthesis of Zincosilicate Catalysts for the Oligomerization of Propylene

2017 Spring Symposium

Mark Deimund, Exxon­Mo­bil Research and Engi­neer­ing Com­pa­ny, Annan­dale, NJ

Abstract — Two zin­cosil­i­cate mol­e­c­u­lar sieves (CIT-6 and Zn-MCM-41) were syn­the­sized and ion-exchanged with nick­el, allow­ing them to act as cat­a­lysts for the oligomer­iza­tion of propy­lene into C3n prod­ucts (pri­mar­i­ly C6 and C9 species). For per­for­mance com­par­i­son to alu­mi­nosil­i­cate mate­ri­als, two zeo­lites (high-alu­minum beta and zeo­lite Y) were also nick­el exchanged and uti­lized in the oligomer­iza­tion reac­tion.

CIT-6 and the high-alu­minum zeo­lite beta (HiAl-BEA) both have the *BEA frame­work topol­o­gy, allow­ing for com­par­i­son between the zinc and alu­minum het­eroatoms when exchanged with nick­el, as the for­mer gives two frame­work charges per atom, while the lat­ter gives only one. Ni-CIT-6 and Ni-Zn-MCM-41 enable the com­par­i­son of a micro­p­orous and a meso­porous zin­cosil­i­cate. The Ni2+ ion exchanged onto zeo­lite Y has been pre­vi­ous­ly report­ed to oligomer­ize propy­lene and is used here for com­par­i­son.

Reac­tion data are obtained at 180°C and 250°C, atmos­pher­ic pres­sure, and a WHSV = 1.0 h-1 in a feed stream con­sist­ing of 85mol% propy­lene, with the bal­ance inert. At these con­di­tions, all cat­a­lysts are active for propy­lene oligomer­iza­tion, with steady-state con­ver­sions rang­ing from 3–16%. With the excep­tion of Ni-HiAl-BEA, all cat­a­lysts exhib­it high­er propy­lene con­ver­sions at 250°C than 180°C. Both *BEA topol­o­gy mate­ri­als exhib­it sim­i­lar propy­lene con­ver­sions at each tem­per­a­ture, but Ni-HiAl-BEA is not as selec­tive to C3n prod­ucts as Ni-CIT-6. Zin­cosil­i­cates demon­strate high­er aver­age selec­tiv­i­ties to C3n prod­ucts than the alu­mi­nosil­i­cates at both reac­tion tem­per­a­tures test­ed. Hex­ene prod­ucts oth­er than those expect­ed by sim­ple oligomer­iza­tion are also present, like­ly formed by dou­ble-bond iso­mer­iza­tion cat­alyzed at acid sites.

Addi­tion­al­ly, both of the alu­mi­nosil­i­cate mate­ri­als cat­alyzed crack­ing reac­tions, form­ing non-C3n prod­ucts. The reduced acid­i­ty of the zin­cosil­i­cates rel­a­tive to the alu­mi­nosil­i­cates like­ly accounts for the high­er C3n prod­uct selec­tiv­i­ty of the zin­cosil­i­cates. Zin­cosil­i­cates also exhib­it­ed high­er lin­ear-to-branched hex­ene iso­mer ratios when com­pared to the alu­mi­nosil­i­cates. The meso­porous zin­cosil­i­cate exhibits the best reac­tion behav­ior (includ­ing C3n prod­uct selec­tiv­i­ty: approx­i­mate­ly 99% at both tem­per­a­tures for Ni-Zn-MCM-41) of the cat­alyt­ic mate­ri­als test­ed here.

From Deimund, MA, et al. ACS Catal., 2014, 4 (11), pp 4189–4195. DOI: 10.1021/cs501313z

Biog­ra­phy — Orig­i­nal­ly from Okla­homa City, Okla­homa, Mark attend­ed Texas A&M Uni­ver­si­ty where he earned his under­grad­u­ate degree in chem­i­cal engi­neer­ing. He then attend­ed the Uni­ver­si­ty of Cam­bridge for his MPhil, con­duct­ing research into the for­ma­tion of pro­tein deposits in brain cells as a means to bet­ter under­stand the onset of Alzheimer’s and oth­er neu­rode­gen­er­a­tive dis­eases. Upon com­ple­tion of this degree, he began his PhD work at the Cal­i­for­nia Insti­tute of Tech­nol­o­gy in the area of mol­e­c­u­lar sieve syn­the­sis and reac­tion test­ing under Pro­fes­sor Mark E. Davis. Cur­rent­ly, he works as a researcher at Exxon­Mo­bil Research and Engi­neer­ing Com­pa­ny in Annan­dale, NJ.

Science and Technology of Framework Metal-Containing Molecular Sieves Catalysts

2017 Spring Symposium

Las­z­lo Nemeth, Depart­ment of Chem­istry and Bio­chem­istry, Uni­ver­si­ty of Neva­da Las Vegas

Abstract — Since the dis­cov­ery of tita­ni­um sil­i­calite (TS-1) more than 30 years ago frame­work met­al-con­tain­ing mol­e­c­u­lar sieves have become an impor­tant class of cat­a­lyst, find­ing appli­ca­tion in sev­er­al indus­tri­al process­es. Incor­po­ra­tion of tita­ni­um, gal­li­um, iron, tin and oth­er ele­ments into mol­e­c­u­lar sieves frame­works has led to both sci­en­tif­ic progress and engi­neer­ing inno­va­tions in catal­y­sis. As a result of these devel­op­ments, frame­work met­al-con­tain­ing zeo­lites have been imple­ment­ed in the pre­ced­ing decade in new com­mer­cial, byprod­uct-free green process­es, which have improved sus­tain­abil­i­ty in the chem­i­cal indus­try. Based on a com­pre­hen­sive analy­sis of the recent lit­er­a­ture includ­ing patents, this review is a sum­ma­ry of the cur­rent knowl­edge of the sci­ence and tech­nol­o­gy of frame­work met­al-con­tain­ing mol­e­c­u­lar sieves. The syn­the­sis of these mate­ri­als is sum­ma­rized, fol­lowed by an account of state-of-the-art char­ac­ter­i­za­tion meth­ods. The key cat­alyt­ic chemistries, which can be clas­si­fied into oxi­da­tion reac­tions such as olefin epox­i­da­tion, aro­mat­ic hydrox­y­la­tion and ammox­i­ma­tion, and Lewis acid-cat­alyzed reac­tions, are dis­cussed. Mech­a­nisms pro­posed for these trans­for­ma­tions are reviewed, togeth­er with the the­o­ret­i­cal and mod­el­ing tools applied in this con­text. An overview of the com­mer­cial tech­nolo­gies asso­ci­at­ed with the use of frame­work met­al-con­tain­ing mol­e­c­u­lar sieves ( Tita­ni­um and Gal­li­um Mol­e­c­u­lar sieves) mate­ri­als will be pre­sent­ed. The paper will be dis­cuss the cur­rent activ­i­ty on frame­work Tin Beta Zeo­lite, which shown unique “Zeoen­zyme” selec­tiv­i­ties in mul­ti­ple appli­ca­tions. Some new chem­istry using Sn-zeo­lites will be pre­sent­ed also to pro­duce new prod­uct from bio­mass.

Biog­ra­phy — Las­z­lo Nemeth earned a Bachelor’s Degree in Chem­istry and Doc­tor of Sci­ence in chem­i­cal engi­neer­ing from Uni­ver­si­ty of Debre­cen, Hun­gary.

Upon grad­u­a­tion he was assis­tant pro­fes­sor in Depart­ment of Chem­i­cal Tech­nol­o­gy at same Uni­ver­si­ty and lat­er scientist/ man­ag­er at Hun­gar­i­an High Pres­sure Insti­tute, Hun­gary.

UOP invit­ed him to join to Cor­po­rate Research in Des Plaines, IL, He worked for UOP LLC a Hon­ey­well Com­pa­ny 23 years as senior research asso­ciate, with joint appoint­ment as an adjunct pro­fes­sor at Chem­i­cal Engi­neer­ing Depart­ment of Uni­ver­si­ty of Illi­nois at Chica­go.

Dur­ing his research career at UOP he was prin­ci­pal inves­ti­ga­tor of mul­ti­ple suc­cess­ful projects in the area of mate­r­i­al sci­ence, adsorp­tion and catal­y­sis. His exper­tise also includes zeo­lite appli­ca­tion for UOP’s cat­alyt­ic process­es, met­al-zeo­lites, sol­id and liq­uid superacids, hydro­gen per­ox­ide syn­the­sis and new appli­ca­tions.

Las­z­lo joined the Chem­istry and Bio­chem­istry Depart­ment of Uni­ver­si­ty of Neva­da Las Vegas in 2015 as a research pro­fes­sor. Cur­rent­ly he is work­ing on bimetal­lic-zeo­lite syn­the­sis and appli­ca­tions, Lithi­um Ion Bat­tery recir­cu­la­tion, and devel­op new Ther­mochromic nano­ma­te­ri­als.

He spent his sab­bat­i­cal with George Olah (Nobel Lau­re­ate) and Aveli­no Cor­ma (ITQ Spain).

Dr. Nemeth was award­ed with Stein Star award and Honeywell’s excel­lence in Inno­va­tion. He pub­lished 50+ papers and 90+ patents.

Emerging Challenges in Catalysis for Sustainable Production of Transport Fuels: An Industrial View

2017 Spring Symposium

John Shabak­er, BP Group Research, Naperville, IL

Abstract — Pri­ma­ry ener­gy demand has grown tremen­dous­ly over the past cen­tu­ry, and despite the recent eco­nom­ic down­turn, it is pre­dict­ed to increase anoth­er 37% over the peri­od from 2013–20351. Dri­ven by glob­al pop­u­la­tion growth and ris­ing stan­dards of liv­ing, this rapid increase in demand has dri­ven inno­va­tion in the devel­op­ment of new ener­gy sup­plies and high­light­ed envi­ron­men­tal impacts of ener­gy pro­duc­tion & con­sump­tion. In this sem­i­nar, we will explore how these broad changes have in turn affect­ed the trans­porta­tion fuels sec­tor, great­ly influ­enc­ing the price and avail­abil­i­ty of feed­stocks, as well as the desired mix and qual­i­ty of prod­ucts. We will focus on the tech­no­log­i­cal chal­lenges aris­ing for today’s trans­port fuels indus­try, and pro­vide com­men­tary on the role of catal­y­sis research to help address them.

1 BP Ener­gy Out­look 2035 (2017)

Biog­ra­phy — John is cur­rent­ly Tech­nol­o­gy Strate­gist in BP Group Research, where he pro­vides tech­ni­cal input into strate­gic ini­tia­tives across the com­pa­ny.  For­mer­ly, he was US Sci­ence Team Leader in the BP Cen­ter of Excel­lence for Applied Chem­istry & Physics, also part of Group Research that sup­ports busi­ness­es in refin­ing, petro­chem­i­cals, lubri­cants, and upstream pro­duc­tion, as well as man­ages glob­al uni­ver­si­ty pro­grams. From 2007–2011 John led the imple­men­ta­tion of new bio­fu­els path­ways in Refin­ing Tech­nol­o­gy, rang­ing from biobu­tanol process devel­op­ment to renew­able diesel co-pro­cess­ing in refin­ery hydrotreaters.   He was also active in con­ven­tion­al hydropro­cess­ing tech­nol­o­gy, includ­ing pilot plant oper­a­tions and mod­el­ling.

Pri­or to join­ing BP, John was a reac­tion engi­neer­ing spe­cial­ist at Bris­tol-Myers Squibb, apply­ing in-situ spec­troscopy, kinet­ics, and safe­ty stud­ies to phar­ma­ceu­ti­cal process devel­op­ment.  He received his PhD in chem­i­cal engi­neer­ing in 2004 from the Uni­ver­si­ty of Wis­con­sin-Madi­son.  He holds bach­e­lor degrees in chem­i­cal engi­neer­ing and chem­istry from Lehigh Uni­ver­si­ty.